According to Taiwan’s ‘Economic Daily’, TSMC R&D leader and deputy general manager Huang Hansen said that undoubtedly, Moore’s Law is still valid and in good condition. It did not die, did not slow down, and is not even sick. He revealed that the transistors can reach to 0.1 nanometers.
The Moores Law, introduced in 1965, led the development of semiconductors for more than half a century. This law mainly refers to the number of transistors that can be accommodated on a chip, which is doubled every 18 months. Moreover, the performance is doubled as well.
But has Moore’s Law reached the limit? What kind of development will it be to the future? These questions have been discussed in the global scientific and technological community in recent years.
In recent years, in the advanced process of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS), the power consumption improvement of the latest generations of nano-nodes has shown a significant slowdown. The scientific and technological community has observed that from the energy-saving data of 45 nanometers to 14 nanometers. It can be seen that although the area of chips becomes smaller and smaller in each generation process, the reduction in energy consumption is getting smaller as well. Especially in 14 nanometers, it is most obvious. In the past two or three years, it has entered a more advanced 10-nanometer process. But the situation didn’t change. This cannot help but worry, is Moore’s Law coming to the end?
In this regard, in the 31st HotChips conference speech that opened this week, Huang Hansen, head of R&D and research and development of TSMC, said that Moore’s Law is still valid and in good condition.
For the future technical route, Huang Hansen believes that carbon nanotubes (1.2nm scale), two-dimensional layered materials, and other innovations can make transistors faster and more compact. At the same time, phase change memory (PRAM), rotational torque transfer random access memory (STT-RAM) and the like are directly packaged with the processor to reduce the size and speed of data transfer. In addition, there is a 3D stacked package technology that we shouldn’t forget about as well.
Huang Hansen emphasized that society’s demand for advanced technology is endless. He also stressed that in addition to hardware, software algorithms also need to catch up.